Dr. Edwin Vieira, Jr.,
December 3, 2016
In his recent NewsWithViews commentary, “Sanctuary Cities and the PATCO Strike Analogy” (21 November 2016), Jonathan Emord recommends that
[u]pon assuming office, President Trump should announce that Sanctuary Cities violate federal law and that any state official who impedes federal law enforcement officials endeavoring to enforce the nation’s immigration law will be arrested and prosecuted. * * * While it is beyond federal law to permit the arrest of state and local officials who enact sanctuary city laws and policies, it is not beyond federal law (indeed, it is entirely consistent with federal law and the Supremacy Clause of the Constitution) to arrest and prosecute any such official who actually physically obstructs ICE agents from investigating, arresting, and prosecuting illegal aliens.
One wonders, though, whether “actual[ ] physical[ ] obstruct[ion]” is the only basis on which rogue State and Local officials who devise and promote “sanctuary city laws and policies” can be prosecuted.
For example, Title 8, United States Code, Section 1324(a)(1) provides (in pertinent part) that
(A) Any person who—
* * * * *
(iii) knowing or in reckless disregard of the fact that an alien has come to, entered, or remains in the United States in violation of law, conceals, harbors, or shields from detection, or attempts to conceal, harbor, or shield from detection, such alien in any place, including any building or means of transportation;(iv) encourages or induces an alien to come to, enter, or reside in the United States, knowing or in reckless disregard of the fact that such coming to, entry, or residence is or will be in violation of law; or (v) (I) engages in any conspiracy to commit any of the preceding acts; or (II) aids or abets the commission of any of the preceding acts,
shall be punished as provided in subparagraph (B).
(B) A person who violates subparagraph (A) shall, for each alien in respect to whom such a violation occurs—
* * * * *(ii) in the case of a violation of subparagraph * * * [(A)](iii), (iv), or (v)(II), be fined under title 18, imprisoned not more than 5 years, or both;
(iii) in the case of a violation of subparagraph * * * [(A)](iii), (iv), or (v) during and in relation to which the person causes serious bodily injury * * * to, or places in jeopardy the life of, any person, be fined under title 18, imprisoned not more than 20 years, or both; and
(iv) in the case of a violation of subparagraph * * * [(A)](iii), (iv), or (v) resulting in the death of any person, be punished by death or imprisoned for any term of years or for life, fined under title 18, or both.
Now, it seems beyond question that—
I. This statute applies to “[a]ny person”, without exception, including State and Local public officials.
II. This statute applies even to a situation in which no more than a single illegal alien (“an alien” and “each alien”) is involved.
III. By hypothesis, the purported State and Local laws, regulations, and policies under which “sanctuary cities” operate are designed and put into practice specifically to “conceal[ ], harbor[ ], or shield[ ] from detection” “alien[s who] ha[ve] come to, entered, or remain[ed] in the United States in violation of law”.
IV. Self-evidently, the very existence of “sanctuary cities” “encourages or induces * * * alien[s] to come to, enter, or reside in the United States * * * in violation of law”. And therefore,
V. Those rogue public officials who set up and administer their jurisdictions as “sanctuary cities”, along with everyone who aids and abets them in doing so, are in each instance “engage[d] in a[ ] conspiracy” to violate § 1324(a)(1)(A)—and “for each alien in respect to whom such a violation occurs” should suffer the punishments § 1324(a)(1)(B) prescribes.
Nothing in § 1324(a)(1)(A) requires, as a condition of a prosecution, that “[a]ny person” (in Mr. Emord’s words) must “actually physically obstruct[ ] ICE agents from investigating, arresting, and prosecuting illegal aliens”.
Rather, inasmuch as purported laws, regulations, and policies are the indispensable legalistic camouflage by means of which rogue State and Local officials create and administer “sanctuary cities” for the very purposes of “conceal[ing], harbor[ing], or shield[ing] from detection” “alien[s who] ha[ve] come to, entered, or remain[ed ] in the United States in violation of law”, those officials’ creation and application of such laws, regulations, and policies for such purposes—coupled with the discovery in each jurisdiction of just a single illegal alien who has taken advantage of the “sanctuary” those provisions purport to provide—should constitute evidence sufficient for such officials’ convictions. And nothing in the criminal laws of the United States provides a specific immunity from prosecution for rogue State and Local officials who violate statutes which on their faces apply to “[a]ny person” without exception.
If Mr. Trump is serious about enforcing the laws pertaining to illegal immigration against the worst (or at least the most notorious and insufferable) scoff laws of all, perhaps proving that there are no sanctuaries in “sanctuary cities” is the way to start.
© 2016 Edwin Vieira, Jr. - All Rights Reserved
Edwin Vieira, Jr., holds four degrees from Harvard: A.B. (Harvard College), A.M. and Ph.D. (Harvard Graduate School of Arts and Sciences), and J.D. (Harvard Law School).
For more than thirty years he has practiced law, with emphasis on constitutional issues. In the Supreme Court of the United States he successfully argued or briefed the cases leading to the landmark decisions Abood v. Detroit Board of Education, Chicago Teachers Union v. Hudson, and Communications Workers of America v. Beck, which established constitutional and statutory limitations on the uses to which labor unions, in both the private and the public sectors, may apply fees extracted from nonunion workers as a condition of their employment.
He has written numerous monographs and articles in scholarly journals, and lectured throughout the county. His most recent work on money and banking is the two-volume Pieces of Eight: The Monetary Powers and Disabilities of the United States Constitution (2002), the most comprehensive study in existence of American monetary law and history viewed from a constitutional perspective. www.piecesofeight.us
He is also the co-author (under a nom de plume) of the political novel CRA$HMAKER: A Federal Affaire (2000), a not-so-fictional story of an engineered crash of the Federal Reserve System, and the political upheaval it causes. www.crashmaker.com
He can be reached at his new address:
52 Stonegate Court
Front Royal, VA 22630.
E-Mail: Not available