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By David M. Bresnahan

June 27, 2002

The Pledge of Allegiance has once again come under attack, this time from the 9th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals in San Francisco,  a and angry U.S. citizens have begun the process to remove the judges.

Today, at a time when Americans are concerned about attacks by terrorists with weapons of mass destruction, a time when there has been a renewed patriotic spirit across that country, a time when more school children than ever before begin their day by saying the Pledge of Allegiance, a federal court has declared that Pledge unconstitutional.

The wording of the Pledge was changed by Congress in 1954 to include the words, "under God." In the past 48 years millions of Americans have stood proudly and recited the Pledge with hand over heart, and often with a tear in their eye.

Political correctness has once again taken it's toll on our way of life as an activist federal judiciary has decided to destroy something good. Liberal judges who have decided to give in to the arguments of enemies of our country, and who by their action have shown themselves to be enemies of truth, justice, freedom, liberty, and the heroes who preserve these values.

Judge Alfred T. Goodwin wrote the decision for a panel of three judges. Goodwin claims the phrase "under God" is a violation of the Establishment Clause of the First Amendment to the Constitution. It reads:

"Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof. . ."

Clearly Goodwin and his fellow justices are out of step with U.S. history, its people, and tradition. They also do not seem to be aware that the U.S. Supreme Court has upheld that our national moto, "In God we trust," is not a violation of the Establishment Clause. But if Goodwin had his way it too would be unconstitutional.

The Declaration of Independence refers to God three times, which apparently makes that unconstitutional as well, according to Goodwin's argument.

"A profession that we are a nation 'under God' is identical, for Establishment Clause purposes, to a profession that we are a nation 'under Jesus,' a nation 'under Vishnu,' a nation 'under Zeus,' or a nation 'under no god,' because none of these professions can be neutral with respect to religion," Judge Alfred T. Goodwin wrote.

The United States is a nation that was founded on the principles of Christian values and teachings, and the acknowledgment of God in such things as the Pledge and the Motto do not in any way establish a religion. This case will go to the U.S. Supreme Court where the liberal activists in the San Francisco court will be put in their place.

It is time to impeach judges who decide to use their position to pursue their own activist agendas.

U.S. citizens who wish to inform elected officials of their concern over the actions of the 9th Circuit Court are signing a petition to call for the removal of the judges through impeachment. The petition is on-line at

David M. Bresnahan - All Rights Reserved


David M. Bresnahan [email protected]  is an award-winning independent investigative journalist. He maintains an archive of his work at  and offers a free e-mail alert so you will not miss any of his news stories or commentaries.



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